World War 2

Anti-tank cannon on Bukulja, 19.09.1944, И-1461

Dissatisfaction of Germany, Italy and Japan with the Treaty of Versaille,  great economic crises which occurred in the USA in 1929, and then spread to other European countries, poverty and nationalism which was expressed as anti -Semitism in some countries or as emergence of extreme ideologies like fascism and communism are only some of the causes which led to the outbreak of the Second World War. Armed battles between the Axis powers on one side and Allied powers on the other side lasted in the period from 1939 to 1945.

World War II was initiated by the April War and bombarding of  Belgrade on April 6, 1941 and finished on May 5,1945, with the capitulation of the Third Reich.

In the mid-April in 1941, the German Army occupied some spa facilities in Bukovik spa as well as some state buildings (Grammar school, District office and others). The first partisan brigades were formed on the territory of Arandjelovac at that time, and the Major Nikola Kalabić, General Ljuba Novaković and Kosta Pećanac met with the Head of Gestapo (Aizak command in Belgrade) on Bukulja, on August 24, 1941. About 300 chetniks and pre-war politicians were present during the negotiations. It was at this meeting that Kosta Pećanac concluded the agreement on non-aggression with Germans, and three days later announced a declaration in which, under the death threat, he invited all partisans to return to their homes. The First Šumadian squad “Milan Blagojević”, “Čelik battalion” and the “First Šumadian Brigade of National Liberation” were formed on the town territory during 1942-1943.

When this Brigade left for Sandžak and experienced a catastrophe near Prijepolje, there was a crisis in the resistance of the Partisans towards the enemy.  In the next year, 1944, the Second Šumadian Brigade was formed in the village of Darosava  near Arandjelovac and the fight against the enemy continued. The last German soldiers left the town on September 19, 1944.

Orphanage in Arandjelovac
(Private collection of Dragan Nikolic)

It was from a liberated Arandjelovac that Tanjug announced the  liberation of  Belgrade in October 1944.